Poetry Writings

Good day, everyone… Thank you so much for visiting the blog. I am, lately, feeling the momentum of writing inside me and the community had slowed down yet accelerates on the ideas. Perhaps the time or other factors prohibited us from writing down our hearts.


I also wonder, did IPEM actually given enough guide for you to write? Did we actually shared our knowledge with our members? Now and then we did provide some contests to trigger the sense of writing inside anyone of us, yet we barely share what’s good inside each of your writing. It irritates me though, for not guiding the others in spite of the responsibility we bare.


And just then that I realize, at least I could share what I know and relates with what emerged in the talent of our community that amazed me. I once promised to the committee that I would write something about english poems. But it is now that I have my time to write it all. Now, if you’re interested, please proceed.


During the English Week Poetry Writing and Short Stories contest, we managed to see some interesting peoms written so beautifully by our members. It amazed us, really. Why, you ask? Because you could actually come out with different types of poems though we haven’t really gave any guidance on that. Mind if I remind you, the first place of Poetry Writing contest was a Sonnet, while the second is a Haiku, and the third was a Ballad. TYPES OF POEMS? Do we have that? Some of you might ask. Now, let me explain some types of poems we met during the contest…


traditional haiku poem

traditional haiku poem


1. Sonnet

Sonnet… humph, I am extremely sure we all are aware of the existance of this type. I dare say we must have at least heard of it since secondary school. Basically, in a Sonnet, you show two related but differing things to the reader in order to communicate something about them (e.g: Shall I compare thee to a summers day). Usually contains 14-18 lines (though it depends on it’s subtype) which usually have one or more conventional rhyme scheme. It consist of three major forms, but let’s just forget about that too much details. You can have a read the Sonnet we have chosen as the first winner during the Poetry Writing contest entitled ‘Sonnet Infinity’. It was, indeed, a very good one. 


2. Haiku

Now, we start to read some ‘rare’ kind of peom. This type of poem during Poetry Writing contest came with the code P01, positioning itself on the top, so I read it the first. It sure surprised me for someone in our community to really came up with this type of poem. The Haiku we have during the contest entitled ‘On the Street Where We Lived’, we really think she ought to be in the second place. Haiku is a Japanese poem existed more than 1000 years ago, composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five morae. Haiku poetry does not have to rhyme but it does have to follow a certain pattern for the number of lines and syllables. It is a very structured method of writing poetry. Titles are subtle, but the poem always describes something about nature and life. Sensory details are very important. However, since it is quite a simple structure, not everyone could dive the messages. Haiku derives to Modern Haiku, American Haiku, etc but maybe I’ll go deeper some other time.


Lines 1: has 5 syllables.
Line 2: has 7 syllables.
Line 3: has 5 syllables.

(The syllables can vary depending on their derivatives)


3. Limerick

Whoaa, this name sounds ‘interesting’. Hehe… Yeah, rumours do said Limerick poem was first written in the town Limerick, Ireland. We received a Limerick poem entitled ‘Voice’. I was astounded by it’s beauty, really. Limerick is a short sometimes vulgar, humorous poem consisting of five anapestic lines in a stanza. Lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten syllables, rhyme and have the same verbal rhythm – same metrical structure. The 3rd and 4th lines have five to seven syllables, rhyme and have the same rhythm. The Limerick, has been and probably always will be an indecent verse-form. Any nonsense poem that lacks five lines, thirteen metric feet, or the ‘aabba’ rhyme pattern is simply not a Limerick.


4. Ballad

The third place winner entitled ‘A Noble Role’ is a Ballad poem. A Ballad is a poem that tells a story similar to a folk tail or legend which often has a repeated refrain. This is an old style of writing poetry and probably one of the most famous simple type of all – though perhaps Couplet poems are more common. The traditional Ballad has a very distinct set of rules that sets apart from other types of structured poetry. It usually has stanza ends with the same line, which is called a ‘refrain’. Let’s quote the last line from the ‘A Noble Role’ for example of a refrain repetition: I am your poet, and you are my poem. Most of the components that stand out in the ballad, such as the meter and rhyme pattern, are part of the grand design to make the story more memorable for those who would be passing it on. The use of repetition throughout the ballad was another great way to make sure the story was easily remembered.


5. Acrostic

Let me introduce you to a poem we have during the Poetry Writing contest; ‘Human, Not an Animal’. It is an Acrostic poem. It might not be a winner but still, very talented. It is a common yet hardly noticed poem. I bet every one of us must have at least written an Acrostic from our own name. Some even write without knowing how beautiful an Acrostic could be. The word Acrostic came from two Greek words; ‘akros’ that means ‘at the end’ and ‘stichos’ that means ‘line’. This is a multiple line poem that spells a word downwards. A poetry that certain letters, usually the first in each line, form a word or message when read in a sequence. There can be much more complex Acrostics involving for example Double Acrostic and Triple Acrostics, that occupy an important niche in the history of word puzzles, for it is generally recognized that they were the predecessors to the crossword puzzle. But again, let’s skip the details. Let me give you a short clear example so you will recall your own Acrostic you have written yourselves~!


e.g: TRASH

Takes a



Stomach to

Handle this mess.

(Note the word ‘trash’ in the lines downward)


6. Epigram

Epigram poem is a very short, ironic and witty poem usually written as a brief couplet or quatrain. The term is derived from the Greek word ‘epigramma’ meaning ‘inscription’. It is a type of poem with a brief, clever and usually memorable statement. It is, however, sometimes not very short though English literature usually thought of very short. When I learn Epigram for my literature class, I used to read a fairly long Epigram that I can hardly recognized if it were Epigrams. We also think of Epigram as having a ‘point’ – that is, the poem ends in a punchline or satirical twist. Epigram deals concisely with a single subject and usually ends with a witty or ingenious turn of thought. The poem ‘Troubled Times’ we received during Poetry Writing contest is sure a good example for this poem. Man, we really should attach those poem here, aite judges? 😉


7. Couplet and Quatrain

Finally, we’ll discuss about the most common and noticeable poem of all types. New writers usually stick to this type since it is the most popular. It has rhyming stanzas made up of two lines or more. Couplet contains of only two lines while Quatrain could be up to four lines. Usually with the rhyme patterns of ‘aabbcc’ for Couplet while ‘abab’ for Quatrain and have similar syllable structure. I bet it’s not that hard since we also use this style when writing Malay ‘pantuns‘. Most Couplets and Quatrains rhyme ‘aa’ or ‘abab’, but they do not have to. There are several set forms of the Couplet/Quatrain and a myriad of variations based on line length and meter. The ones we received for trials of this type in the Poetry Wrinting contest are ‘The March’ and ‘Gaza’s Night’, though it might be mixed with Free Verse poem. Check it out~



If you ask me, I appreciate all the talents in those poems we got, they were very good indeed. Too bad that we have to chose the best three, but each of them have their own uniqueness. The style of writing poetry differs from person to person; long or short meters, three or four lines to a stanza. But the great thing is, no matter how a poem is written it still holds great emotion. It is proven with those types written. Of course these are not the only types existed. We have more than 50 types of poems worldwide, I was just excited enough to share what had came out from our talented society – and I really mean it. Perhaps you could write other more types, a Cinquain or Villanelle maybe?


Happy writing, IPEM members~



Halaa Burhanuddin,

IPEM Makassar.


12 thoughts on “Poetry Writings

  1. Splendid article ukht! very informative. i mean very, very informative huhu. hopefully will initiate people to writing more and more insyaAllah..

  2. abufarhat: artikel ni membincangkan tentang poem2 yg dihantar utk pertandingan waktu English Week dulu. percaya atau tidak, komuniti kita dah menulis semua jenis poem yg sy sebut di atas. dan sy rasa mungkin ramai yg belum tau jenis2 poem yg ditulis tu, so i might just share with everyone about it. mungkin lebih bagus kalau kami dapat attach semua poem yg ditulis tu kat sini, hmm?

    yazid: credits to the participants, yes? they inspired me actually~ 😉

  3. Wanting to wrote something informative like this but doesnt have the confidence yet…
    maybe I’m just afraid…
    I will soon, InsyaAllah, just need to make some homework first!
    thx kak Halaa!

  4. yes…kasi upload je karya karya yang pernah dihantar walaupun not that good…sebab yang bukak blog IPEM ni macam2, ada yang orang lama, ada juga orang baru macam saya yang dapat belajar dari karya karya member2 lain..

  5. Salam,
    first of all, thanks a million to k.halaa for the very informative and magnificent piece of writing! =) (waiting for more. encore2! hehe)
    erm, just to share what i feel after reading it..
    frankly i was astounded to know all those types of poems..(sonnet, haiku, ballad, limerick, epigram, and so forth) after reading the article.. especially bout the ‘sonnet’ and the ‘limerick’ 😀

    firstly about sonnet, honestly, beforehand i didn’t even know that sonnet is to show two related but different things. huhu. i’m just impressed with the beauty of Sonnet 18, and named mine ‘sonnet’ just because i like to refer to sonnet 18 throughout completing it 🙂 [without a clear notion of what sonnet is really about..huhu]
    secondly, about the limerick.. hm, another confession that might surprise everyone i guess. to be honest, this is the first time i ever heard the word limerick (only familiar with ‘limewire’ 😀 kampong2.poor me..kesian kan). it’s astonishing to know that the ‘voice’ is a limerick (luckily i didnt name it ‘sonnet voice’.. -kalu tak mesti kak halaa dah gelak guling2 kan..haha).

    for me, they are just a miraculous coincidence..with divine intervention =)

    thank you so much for sharing with us k.halaa
    p/s: waiting for more inspiring article~ =)

  6. nurira: coincidence is a pure proof of true talents… hehe… glad u wrote them, dear… keep writing, k…

    eman: i think u have much more information I dont know too… try write something, perhaps would be very beneficial for us, yes?

  7. yeh…kak halaa..our very own poetry-extraordinaire…hehehe….

    kaceh kak 4 dis EXTREMELY in4mative piece 😉

    (ex-head of judge poetry-writing contest is now officially ashamed of herself..it shud hav been u la kak 2 head d judging comittee..aisehh..)

  8. khade: ahaha… no, no, u’ve got ur own strength for being the head of judge… we wouldnt be able to pick a winner if it werent for u. akak stakat tau teori je… nak tulis tak reti sangat. I’ll still nominate u for the next head of judge for sure. 😉

    btw, i posted those poems I mentioned above in a new post. other readers can have a look n compare~ 😉

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s